Designing a Republic

It is impossible to read the history of the petty republics of Greece and Italy without feeling sensations of horror and disgust at the distractions with which they were continually agitated, and at the rapid succession of revolutions by which they were kept in a state of perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy.

A modern scholar? Well, relatively modern. That is from Alexander Hamilton in Federalist #9. They were debating how to handle “factions” within a Republic. Madison continues in Federalist #10.

By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.

Well there certainly are “factions” in the current Middle East revolts. Note to those protesting and revolting: Seek out students and professors who have studied history – especially the drafting of the United States of America constitution. You can claim the cradle of civilization, the Hammurabi code as the first written citizen law, the invention of Algebra, but it was the founding fathers of the Untied States who finally designed a republic with government limited to the powers granted by the people. All other powers being reserved to the people and states. That is the reverse of the Hammurabi code and current pinnacle of government by human beings.

One Response to “Designing a Republic”

  • dzellaha:

    No form of Government can compensate for greed, and power, that is inherent in Government by it’s very nature. Liberty needs to be refreshed from time to time in the blood of Tyrants, as well as the Freedom fighters who fight them. Cowards are inherent on both sides, but we out number them!